Instructional Leadership & Coaching
Teachers need support in their everyday work with students, but some principals and school-level leaders do not have the time, skills, or relevant experience to provide high-quality instructional support. In these cases, schools are challenged to identify effective instructional leaders and models of embedded support. Instructional coaching is a research-based solution that is growing in popularity because it provides a personalized, situated, and sustained way for teachers to learn and practice instructional strategies alongside expert educators. Yet, barriers such as budgeting, staffing, scheduling, and a lack of clear models/best practices make it challenging to effectively implement. Districts are also wondering if it is best to invest in scaling coaching, including by adopting technology for professional coaching, or to find other ways to address the challenge of instructional leadership.
In the Words of District Leaders
“We really pushed our principals to become more instructional leaders. We wanted them to lead the building-level PLCs. We also wanted them to lead the professional development that was going on in their building. For a lot of them, this was scary stuff, because that’s not their level of expertise. They weren’t comfortable with it. Some had left the classroom years ago and had left teaching behind them, so this was really a shift in paradigm for them.”
Ideas from the Field
- Districts are using a variety of approaches based on local school culture and needs to support teachers. In some cases this is embedded coaching, and in some cases this is a “coaching blitz”, in which as many as six coaches are deployed to one school that is particularly struggling.
- Another common theme among districts is continuing to push the principal as the instructional leader for the school, and ensuring that the principal has training and skills to set a tone for effective instruction in each school.
Check out the following research-based resources for more information about instructional leadership:
Instruction & Teacher Learning topic page – From Digital Promise, an introduction and key findings from the research on instruction and teacher learning, including links to additional resources.
Technology Coaching Micro-Credentials – From Digital Promise, this stack of Micro-Credentials provides educators with competency-based recognition for the technology coaching skills.
Dynamic Learning Project – Digital Promise launched the Dynamic Learning Project with the goal to increase educational equity and powerful use of technology through instructional coaching.
Moving from Compliance to Agency What Teachers Need to Make Professional Learning Work – From Learning Forward, this report posits that to transform professional learning to better support educators, education leaders will need to pay greater attention to the importance of teacher agency.
The Teacher’s Quest for Progress – From the Christensen Institute, this report describes how school leaders can motivate instructional innovation.